hypertext dissertation - by Robyn Stuart


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QUOTE 7 from:

Lucas, C. (2002a) A Logic of Complex Values, [online]. Available from:; accessed on 2/3/05

Before I consider this as a logic, perhaps I'd better say something about Neutrosophy as a philosophy. The creator, mathematician Florentin Smarandache, was something of an anarchist, a Romanian fighting against the repressive communist regime of Ceausescu in the 1980's. Living a 'double-life' (the 'spin' culture of deceit now familiar to us all) helped him to recognise paradox as crucial, so he came up with a philosophy in which one could prove anything - and also disprove it ! He applied it widely to highlight contradictions - combinations of opposites in stress, and founded the literary movement known as 'paradoxism'. Despite the nihilism suggested, this does have much in common with spiritual ideas (the figure/ground or Yin/Yang) and with complexity science (where we balance static conscious 'rational' order and dynamic unconscious 'irrational' chaos), and so realise that as Smarandache said, "constants aren't and variables won't" - the two descriptions are contextual or transient [Lucas1997]). For humans, if we are too static then we stagnate and die, if we are too dynamic then we disintegrate and die, paradoxically we must be both somewhat ordered to survive and somewhat chaotic to grow. To be human is thus to be indeterminate, to live a contradiction. In an insight from Eastern philosophy, we are not 'either' order 'or' chaos, but 'both' and 'neither'.

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